Sunday, August 7, 2022

The PBS on-demand streaming service, WPBS Passport, is now available in Canada! Learn More

HomeVideoCarbon Tax: The Best Way to Slow Climate Change?

Carbon Tax: The Best Way to Slow Climate Change?

Climate change is happening faster than expected. Is a carbon tax the answer?

TEACHERS: Get your students in the discussion on KQED Learn, a safe place for middle and high school students to investigate controversial topics and share their voices.

The 2018 UN report shows that climate change is happening a lot faster than scientists originally predicted. As a result, there’s a renewed interest in carbon taxes as a way to slow the effects of climate change. The problem is, it’s not always a popular solution as opponents argue it would unfairly hurt the poor- as we’ve seen play out in France lately with the Yellow Vest protests.

ABOVE THE NOISE is a show that cuts through the hype and investigates the research behind controversial and trending topics in the news. Hosted by Myles Bess.


SUBSCRIBE to Above the Noise by clicking the RED BUTTON above.

Follow Above the Noise on Instagram @kqedabovethenoise

**What is a carbon tax?

Simply put, it’s a tax on greenhouse gas emissions. When we use energy from fossil fuels– like coal, oil and natural gas, we release carbon dioxide and methane into the air. These gases are “greenhouse gases” that trap heat in the atmosphere and contribute to global warming. They are also known as carbon emissions because they contain the element carbon. With a carbon tax, people and business would have to pay a fee for their carbon emissions.

**How would a carbon tax fight climate change?

The idea with a carbon tax is to make energy from fossil fuels super expensive, so people won’t use it as much. Examples of this would be really high taxes on gasoline, jet fuel, your monthly electricity bill. If fossil fuel use become expensive, businesses would be more likely to invest in cleaner energy sources like wind, solar, hydro, etc.

**What are the pros of carbon taxes?

It’s one if the easiest ways to decrease carbon in the atmosphere. In some places where a carbon tax has been implemented– like Sweden and British Columbia, it’s led to a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions.

**What are the arguments against carbon taxes?

One of the main arguments against carbon tax is that it will unfairly hurt the poor. It’s a tax on things that are pretty essential for daily life, like heat for your home, or transportation. So, if you tax these things, it could really be bad for those that are already struggling with their bills.

**How is a carbon tax different from cap and trade?

Like the carbon tax, cap-and-trade policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas pollution by making it more expensive. But instead of a tax, cap-and-trade rules put a limit on how much carbon big industries like oil refineries, power plants and factories can release into the air. The government makes businesses buy permits, called allowances, for each ton of carbon they emit. And, there’s a financial incentive to be clean: if a business has any allowances leftover, it can sell them to another business that may be going over its limit, and make some extra money.


The New York Times: Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040, October 2018

How Stuff Works: How Carbon Tax Works, August, 2007

The World Bank: When It Comes to Emissions, Sweden Has Its Cake and Eats It Too, May 2016

The New York Times: Does a Carbon Tax Work? Ask British Columbia, March 2016

Government of British Columbia: Climate Action Tax Credit

David Suzuki Foundation: Carbon tax or cap-and-trade?, October 2017

The Seattle Times: Washington state voters reject carbon-fee initiative, November 2018

The Sacramento Bee: California’s cap-and-trade program is costly, controversial. But how does it work?, July 2017

The Washington Post: The carbon tax fallacy, June 2018

Teachers follow KQED Education
KQED Learn:
KQED Teach:
KQED Education:

Follow KQED:

About KQED
KQED, an NPR and PBS affiliate in San Francisco, CA, serves Northern California and beyond with a public-supported alternative to commercial TV, Radio, and web media.

Funding for Above the Noise is provided in part by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, the Silver Giving Foundation, the Stuart Foundation, and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Above the Noise is a project of KQED Education, which is supported by the Koret Foundation, David Bulfer and Kelly Pope, the Stuart Foundation, the Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation, the Rita Allen Foundation, the Lisa and Douglas Goldman Fund and the members of KQED.